Wisdom teeth, also well-known as third molars, are actually the last set of teeth to emerge in the mouth, usually during the late teens or early twenties. However, due to the very limited space in the jaw, wisdom teeth often fail to erupt properly, leading to various issues. Wisdom teeth extraction is performed to remove these teeth when they pose a risk to oral health.
Before the extraction, the dentist or oral surgeon evaluates the position and condition of the wisdom teeth through X-rays or other imaging techniques. If the wisdom teeth are impacted (unable to emerge fully), misaligned, or causing pain and discomfort, extraction is recommended. The procedure is generally performed under local anesthesia, although general anesthesia may be used for complex cases or patients with anxiety.
During the extraction, a cut is made in the gum tissue with the intention of exposing the tooth and underlying bone. In some cases, a portion of the tooth may be removed, or the tooth may need to be divided into sections for easier extraction. Once the tooth is extracted, the area is cleaned and sutured, if necessary. Patients may experience some swelling and discomfort after the procedure, but proper care and pain management techniques are provided by the dental professional.